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Haematology and Serum Biochemistry of Broiler Chicken Administered Laganaria breviflorus Extract

Irivboje, O. A. & Olufayo, O. O., Volume 4 Issue 1, July 2023 Pages 103-109, Published: 2023-07-11


Lageneria breviflora is a tropical plant that is frequently grown in Africa, particularly in the western part of Nigeria. It is considered innovative since it has historically prevented viral diseases in humans like measles, chicken pox, small pox, and new castle sickness in poultry. On broiler chicken that had been given a water-based extract of Lageneria breviflora, a 35-day experiment was conducted at The Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro teaching farm to assess the haematological response and blood biochemistry. A treatment of 100, 200, and 300 mls of Lagenaria breviflora per 4 litres of water was given to 150-day-old broiler chickens, replicated three times (10 birds each). The acquired data were compared using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), and the significance level was set at (P< 0.05). To compare the data, Duncan's Multiple Range Test was employed. The results from all parameters studied were found to be significant across all treatments (P< 0.05). Birds treated on 100 mls/4L of Lageneria breviflora had the largest pack cell volume, red blood cell count, and haemoglobin (34.00, 11.30, 2.90, respectively), whereas 300 ml/4L had the highest WBC (16.50). With the exception of total cholesterol, Lageneria breviflora also showed a significant (P<0.05) impact on all blood serum parameters. and aspartate transferase. The results of the study showed that Lageneria breviflora in concentrations of 100 to 300 ml per 4 l of water had no negative or harmful effects on the haematological parameters and serum biochemistry of broiler chickens.